The Malaysian bond market is one of the largest and most developed in the region. Malaysian bonds are stable, liquid and offer attractive real yields for both conventional and Islamic investors.
The Malaysian bond market comprises government and corporate debt securities in conventional and Islamic form
Government debt securities are issued in the primary market through competitive auctions
Stable non-resident investors form an important part of the investor base
Malaysian Government securities are marketable debt instruments issued by the Government of Malaysia to raise funds from the domestic capital market. The central bank (Bank Negara Malaysia) acts as banker and adviser to the Government and assists in planning and facilitating issuances through market infrastructure that it owns and operates. Currently, the various forms of Government securities in Malaysia are:
Besides Malaysian Government securities, local corporates also tap the bond market for financing through issuance of bonds, medium-term notes and commercial papers.
Competitive auctions for Malaysian Government securities are normally opened three business days before and closed one business day before the target issue date. Principal Dealers appointed by the central bank participate directly in these auctions by submitting proprietary bids and bids on behalf of clients.
The 2021 Government Bond Auction Calendar is a testament to the continuous efforts to consolidate the number of government bond issuances in improving liquidity while maintaining balanced issuances across the curve in meeting investors’ demand.
Larger benchmark bond sizes through more re-openings
All MGS auctions will be via re-opening, while there will only be 2 new MGII issuances (2020: 4 new issuances ; 2019: 12 new issuances). This continues to build larger outstanding sizes per issuance, which is expected to improve overall trading liquidity and better facilitate index tracking activity as number of issuances are further consolidated.
Well-spread balanced supply across the curve and issuances are spread out throughout the year
There will be 37 issuances for 2021 (2020:34) in order to ensure that the supply is well distributed throughout the year, taking into consideration market’s ability to absorb the additional supply. Generally, there will be 3 to 4 issuances per month in 2021 with the exception of December (2 issuances) as market winds down towards year end.
Additional issuances to be anchored by shorter term issuances while long end issuances are supported by private placements
Additional 2021 issuances will be financed via short to medium term issuances including the treasury bill issuances (Table 1 for comparison with 2020). Besides, private placements will be allocated to all long-term issuances, providing support to the long end of the curve.
Table 1: Number of issuances by tenor
|Tenor (Years)||2020||2021||Changes||Private Placement|
Non-resident investors in the Malaysian bond market comprise a diverse group of institutional investors, including foreign central banks and governments, asset managers, pension funds and insurance companies. These investors contribute to market efficiency by providing valuable liquidity to the secondary market.
Due to Malaysia’s investment grade credit rating, progressive and inclusive financial market policies, developed infrastructure and ample secondary market liquidity, Malaysian bonds have been included in various global bond indices: